Machine vision (MV) is the technology and methods used to provide imaging-based automatic inspection and analysis for such applications as automatic inspection, process control, and robot guidance, usually in industry. Machine vision refers to many technologies, software and hardware products, integrated systems, actions, methods and expertise. Machine vision as being a systems engineering discipline can be regarded as distinct from computer vision, a kind of computer science. It tries to integrate existing technologies in new ways and apply them to solve real world problems. The word is the prevalent one for these functions in industrial automation environments but is also used for these functions in other environments such as security and vehicle guidance.

The entire Top Machine Vision Inspection System Manufacturer includes planning the facts from the requirements and project, then creating a solution. During run-time, the procedure starts off with imaging, then automated analysis of the image and extraction in the required information.

Definitions of the term “Machine vision” vary, but all are the technology and methods used to extract information from a picture with an automated basis, instead of image processing, where output is an additional image. The information extracted can be considered a simple good-part/bad-part signal, or more an intricate set of information including the identity, position and orientation of each and every object within an image. The information can be used for such applications as automatic inspection and robot and process guidance in industry, for security monitoring and vehicle guidance. This field encompasses a lot of technologies, software and hardware products, integrated systems, actions, methods and expertise. Machine vision is virtually the only real term used for such functions in industrial automation applications; the word is less universal for these particular functions in other environments such as security and vehicle guidance. Machine vision being a systems engineering discipline can be considered distinct from computer vision, a form of basic computer science; machine vision efforts to integrate existing technologies in new ways and apply those to solve real world problems in a manner in which meets the requirements of industrial automation and other application areas. The word is also used in a broader sense by trade events and trade groups like the Automated Imaging Association and also the European Machine Vision Association. This broader definition also encompasses products and applications generally related to image processing. The primary uses of machine vision are automatic inspection and industrial robot/process guidance. See glossary of machine vision.

Imaging based automatic inspection and sorting

The primary ways to use machine vision are imaging-based automatic inspection and sorting and robot guidance.;:6-10 in this particular section the former is abbreviated as “automatic inspection”. The entire process includes planning the details from the requirements and project, and then developing a solution. This section describes the technical procedure that occurs throughout the operation of the solution.

Methods and sequence of operation

The initial step inside the automatic inspection sequence of operation is acquisition of your image, typically using cameras, lenses, and lighting which has been created to supply the differentiation required by subsequent processing. MV software packages and programs developed in them then employ various digital image processing strategies to extract the required information, and quite often make decisions (like pass/fail) based on the extracted information.

Equipment

The constituents of an automatic inspection system usually include lighting, a camera or any other imager, a processor, software, and output devices.3

Imaging

The imaging device (e.g. camera) can either be apart from the key image processing unit or along with it in which case a combination is usually called a smart camera or smart sensor When separated, the link may be produced to specialized intermediate hardware, a custom processing appliance, or perhaps a frame grabber inside a computer using either an analog or standardized digital interface (Camera Link, CoaXPress) MV implementations also employ digital cameras capable of direct connections (with no framegrabber) to some computer via FireWire, USB or Gigabit Ethernet interfaces.

While conventional (2D visible light) imaging is most commonly utilized in MV, alternatives include multispectral imaging, hyperspectral imaging, imaging various infrared bands,line scan imaging, 3D imaging of surfaces and X-ray imaging. Key differentiations within MV 2D visible light imaging are monochromatic vs. color, frame rate, resolution, and whether or not the imaging process is simultaneous over the entire image, making it suitable for moving processes.

Though the majority of machine vision applications are solved using two-dimensional imaging, Automated Vision Inspection Machines utilizing 3D imaging certainly are a growing niche in the industry. By far the most widely used technique for 3D imaging is scanning based triangulation which utilizes motion from the product or image through the imaging process. A laser is projected on the surfaces nefqnm an object and viewed from a different angle. In machine vision this really is accomplished using a scanning motion, either by moving the workpiece, or by moving the camera & laser imaging system. The line is viewed with a camera from the different angle; the deviation from the line represents shape variations. Lines from multiple scans are assembled in to a depth map or point cloud. Stereoscopic vision is used in special cases involving unique features contained in both views of a set of cameras. Other 3D methods employed for machine vision are duration of flight and grid based.One strategy is grid array based systems using pseudorandom structured light system as used by the Microsoft Kinect system circa 2012.

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